Learning While Earning: The New Normal
- Learning While Earning: The New Normal Anthony P. Carnevale, Nicole Smith, Michelle Melton and Eric Price October 28, 2015
- Overview • Combining work with ongoing learning is the new normal among college students. • More then 70 percent undergraduate and graduate students work while enrolled in college. • One-third of working learners are 30 years old or older.
- Who are Working Learners? We define working learners as students who are simultaneously working while enrolled in postsecondary education or training programs. We categorize working learners into two groups: 1. Young working learners (ages 16-29) 2. Mature working learners (ages 30-54)
- One-third of working learners are 30 or older
- More than half of working learners are in the sales and food/personal services occupations
- Young working learners gravitate towards sales and office support while mature working learners are more concentrated in management
- Nearly 60 percent of working learners are women
- Business is the most popular major for both young and mature working learners
- More people are working full-time while in college • Over 50 percent of mature working learners work at least 40 hours per week • About 40 percent of undergraduates and graduate students work at least 30 hours per week • After completion of a Bachelor’s degree, young and mature working learners work similar hours (majority 40-49 hours)
- Working learners and students who do not work both face rising school loan debt
- Conclusion • Learning while earning is the new the normal for college students both young and old. • After graduating, working learners have added to their resume and are upwardly mobile and more likely to move into managerial positions.
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