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PowerPoint Presentation INDIAN AGRICULTURE ORIGIN ORIGIN : The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization Era. Agri is from Latin ager ("a field"), and culture is from Latin cultura, meaning "cultivation" in the strict sense of "tillage of the soil." India's agriculture is composed of many crops, with the foremost food staples being rice and wheat. The agriculture accounts for as much as a quarter of the Indian economy and employs an estimated 60 percent of the labor force. AGRICULTURE TYPES: In recent history, agriculture has been the main source of the food we consume on a daily basis. Agriculture is the term used to describe the act of growing crops and raising livestock for human consumption and use.   Currently, agriculture is divided into two different types Industrialized agriculture Subsistence agriculture.   INDUSTRIALIZED AGRICULTURE: Industrialized agriculture is the type of agriculture where large quantities of crops and livestock are produced through industrialized techniques for the purpose of sale. The goal of industrialized agriculture is to increase crop yield. SUBSISTENCE ARICULTURE:  Subsistence agriculture is when a farmer lives on a small amount of land and produces enough food to feed his or her household and have a small cash crop. The goal of subsistence agriculture is to produce enough food to ensure the survival of the individual family.  Farming Systems in India are strategically utilized, according to the locations where they are most suitable. The farming systems that significantly contribute to the domestic GDP of India are subsistence farming, organic farming, and industrial farming.  Regions throughout India differ in types of farming they use; some are based on horticulture, ley farming, agroforestry, and many more.  Due to India's geographical location, certain parts experience different climates, thus affecting each region's agricultural productivity differently. India is very dependent on its monsoon cycle for large crop yields. FARMING SYSTEM IN INDIA: 5 PICTORIAL DESCRIPTION: PRODUCTION METHODS: Organic farming can be explained as an agricultural method wherein the following techniques are used: Crop Rotation: A technique to grow various kinds of crops in the same area, according to different seasons, in a sequential manner Green Manure: Refers to the dying plants that are uprooted and stuffed into the soil in order to make them act as a nutrient for the soil to increase its quality Biological Pest Control: A method in which living organisms are used to control pests, without or with limited use of chemicals Compost: Highly rich in nutrients, this is a recycled organic matter used as a fertilizer in the agricultural farms AGRICULRTURE PRODUCTION: India's food grain production increased marginally to 252.23 million tones in the 2015-16 crop year, as per the third advance estimates, despite setback due to deficient rainfall and shortage of water in reservoirs.  Production of rice, coarse cereals, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane ,cotton and jute was lower due to erratic rainfall during the 2015 monsoon season.  As per the 3 rd advance estimates for 2015-16 total food grains production in the country has been higher than that in the last year. Rice production during 2015-16 is estimated at 103.36 million tones, which is lower by 2.12 million tones than its production of 105.48 million tones during 2014-15.  Salient Features of Agriculture: There are certain salient features of agriculture in India. Some of these are: Subsistence Agriculture Pressure of Population on Agriculture Mechanization of Farming Dependency upon Monsoon Importance of Animals Variety of Crops Predominance of Food Crops Seasonal Patterns Problems Faced by the Agriculture Sector: There are certain problems and challenges faced by the agriculture sector in India. Some such problems are: Stagnation in Production of Major Crops Soil Exhaustion Decrease in Fresh Ground Water Agricultural Marketing Lack of Storage Facilities Costly Farm Inputs Affect of Global Climate Change Farmer Suicides THANK YOU