Local foodforglobalfuturebrussels6okt2015

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PowerPoint Presentation The role of innovation processes in Local Food for Global Future Presentation at the meeting of the Standing Committee on Agricultural Research of the EU Harry Donkers 6 October 2015 Headlines Industrial and local food systems Drawbacks of the current industrial system of agriculture and food A paradigm shift: sustainable food security Potential of local and regional food systems Practical examples in The Netherlands and in Russia Vechtdal Food Community (The Netherlands) and Family farming (Russia) Structured approach Classification of local and regional food systems Governance for local and regional food systems Knowledge and innovation Knowledge development and innovation for sustainable food security Large distance between producers and consumers Up-scaling leads to an exodus of smaller farmers Entrepreneurs become employees Loss of awareness of food quality Use of chemical fertilizers and herbicides Loss of biodiversity Oligopolistic competition: worldwide and nationwide Mega-farms, industrial processing Food products treated as commodities No fair prices for farmers Far removed Mono Mega Global Cheap and poor quality basic food commodities, ‘enriched’ by the processing industry Hunger on the one hand and obesity on the other hand Current industrial system People Profit Planet Sover-eignty Safety Embeddedness Fair prices Biodiversity and climate Health Right to food and right to food production Sustainability (Brundtland) Food security (Shiva) The paradigm of sustainable food security 4 Reconnecting producers and consumers (people and nature) Control of local food production and consumption Access to sufficient food Fair prices Local/regional production Micro machinery and small scale processing Food is not seen as a commodity Access to the countryside Biodiversity Right to food and right to food production Local/regional production ensures access to food for all people in the region Awareness of food impact on health and well-being Proximity Micro/Regional Multi Access for all Nutritional Local and regional agriculture and food systems The industrial and local trap in solving the world food problem Defends: Claims: Industrial trap Local trap Recommendations: Bottom-up regional initiatives; Profiling agriculture in spatial debate; Develop added value; Farming with nature / landscape and recreation / tourism and hospitality industry; Develop specific regional research and policy; Encourage regional branding Vechtdal Food Community 7 Organic/natural food chain in Krasnodar, 2012 Chain partners: Producers, small farmers Organic shop Catering Internet shop Cafetaria Restaurant Support needed: Facilitate lead farms to demonstrate successes and to serve as a model farm for small farmer Better knowledge and training for better quality Better mutual co-operation Possibilities to invest Geographic aspects: City regions Short chain cooperation P = Producers Local (rural, urban) cooperation C = Consumers C P National/Interregional cooperation O = Government O Global/Transregional cooperation Cooperation aspects: Local and regional cooperation P C P P C O O C C Regional cooperation P O 10 Classification of food systems Food systems Examples Governance Short chains Aiming at a better cooperation between consumers and producers Local Urban Rural Policy support to reduce the rural-urban divide Regional Metropolitan Cityside Corridor Connected cities Conurbation Countryside Joint development (producers, consumers and local governments) of regional food systems Building regional food strategies Cooperation is a critical success factor Inter-regional Cooperating Regional initiatives Supporting regional food systems in solving the region transcending problems National governments have a key role Trans-regional Border regions Regions that are not adjacent to each other Policymaking bodies and movements Promoting cooperation between food systems in different countries, twinning Handling confrontations between international established institutions and societal movements Mitigating the power of monopolistic/oligopolistic competition Building Food Building a more Strategies equitable world From government From one- to governance dimensional flow to dialogue Application areas of sustainable food security Implementation of knowledge and innovation Policy and Aid Technology and Organization Social From far away to nearby Economic From global to local Ecological From mono to multi Sovereignty Right and access to food Safety Building resistance Holistic approach Knowledge Innovation ICT Financial Logistics management methods From From mega hierarchy to to micro community Creative Reciprocal moderation solidarism Knowledge issues/Application areas Science issues/basic and aspect disciplines Basic disciplines Elementary disciplines Aspect disciplines Ecology and environmental sciences Soil: All biomass needed for soil fertility, no biofuels Landscape and nature: Rehabilitate large-scale damaged ecosystems Climate:. Focus on low latitude regions with most problems; helping ‘The Great Wall’ with fertile lands marching up north Local production and processing On-farm impact: Small-scale processing Local and regional impact: Rural employment and livelihoods Food science (health and nutrition, safety and gastronomy Health and nutrition: Relationships local food and health Safety: Building resistance in stead of monocultures under sanitary control Gastronomy: Study of flavour and taste Soci(et)al sciences Social nearness: How social is a system? Trust: Basic element of cooperation Food sovereignty: No unwanted interference from outside Economics Micro: Creating value added at the farm Meso: Farm participation in local and regional economy Macro: Absence of free competition disturbs food sovereignty Individual skills flourishing culture Collective capacities inspiring creativity Renewal Control Competition Cooperation Capabilities of the self with an eye on room for the other Competences of the other with an eye on room for the self Technology and organisation 1. Creative moderation Organization Technology 2. Equipment and precision technology 3. Energy sources 4. Animal and plant breeding technologies 5. Alternative farming systems 6. Technologies for on-farm value added 7. Nanotechnology 8. Biotechnology 9. Technology assessment 1. Reciprocal solidarism 2. Organization of production, processing and marketing at farm level 3. Network cooperation and communities 4. Increasing regional capacities Policy and aid Aid Policy Policy objectives: awareness, health, safety, product quality, animal welfare, environment, inclusion of food sovereignty and food safety, conditions for free competition, etc. Regional food strategies: Governance bodies sitting together developing a plan to achieve the goals in a regional setting. Ensuring ‘real’ free competition. Building cooperation, enhancing a professional dialogue between local farmer and knowledge workers. View knowledge production, sharing and dissemination as a two-way traffic. Assist countries to identify and develop their own human resources and capacities. Implementation of knowledge and innovation Knowledge management Bundling interests Stimulating multifunctional developments Embedding knowledge Maintaining regional, inter- and transregional contacts Develop local, regional and supra-regional agendas, Innovation methods Various methods, ‘Open innovation’, Out-of-the-box thinking ICT Web-sites and social media On-line available scientific information. Special web sites, platforms Financial New financing forms and techniques Other ownership relations Logistics 1. Logistics services to achieve: small-scale local logistics 2. Food hubs. Thanks for your attention ! Groenten Jarenlang experimenteren met groenteteelt op basis van ‘gevitaliseerd water’ en toepassing van zeeschelpenkalk en kleimineralen heeft verrassend goede resultaten opgeleverd, qua smaak, frisheid en houdbaarheid van de groenten. Op basis van deze technieken is een uitgebreid groetenassortiment beschikbaar. DEEL C De ontwikkeling van de Vechtdal Food Community 12 De Vechtdal Food Community in beelden 251250 59. Walnoten, biologisch-dynamisch 60. Pompoenen van biologisch-dynamisch teelt in het Vechtdal 63. Vechtdalgroeten, geteeld met gevitaliseerd water 64. Diverse vitale groenten uit het Vechtdal 57. Jonge kool 58. Jonge slaplanten in de kas van tuinder Eef Stel 61. Aardbeien en jam uit Dalfsen 62. Vechtdalgroenten in de supermarkt 56. Vitaliser Groenten Jarenlang experimenteren met groenteteelt op basis van ‘gevitaliseerd water’ en toepassing van zeeschelpenkalk en kleimineralen heeft verrassend goede resultaten opgeleverd, qua smaak, frisheid en houdbaarheid van de groenten. Op basis van deze technieken is een uitgebreid groetenassortiment beschikbaar. DEEL C De ontwikkeling van de Vechtdal Food Community 12 De Vechtdal Food Community in beelden 251250 59. Walnoten, biologisch-dynamisch 60. Pompoenen van biologisch-dynamisch teelt in het Vechtdal 63. Vechtdalgroeten, geteeld met gevitaliseerd water 64. Diverse vitale groenten uit het Vechtdal 57. Jonge kool 58. Jonge slaplanten in de kas van tuinder Eef Stel 61. Aardbeien en jam uit Dalfsen 62. Vechtdalgroenten in de supermarkt 56. Vitaliser 240 241DEEL C De ontwikkeling van de Vechtdal Food Community 12 De Vechtdal Food Community in beelden 32. Simmentaler 35. Simmentaler koe met gemengd Belgisch Blauwe kalveren 33. Simmentalers in 34. Naegelholt 36. Een Belgisch Blauwe stier is deel van de kudde Simmentalers te Vilsteren 37. Grazende kudde Junner Koeland DEEL C De ontwikkeling van de Vechtdal Food Community 12 De Vechtdal Food Community in beelden Wijn en bier Wijngaardeniers De Reestlandhoeve en De Ziel en bierbrouwers De Mommeriete en Pauw gebruiken eveneens de Vechtdalsystematiek met zoveel mogelijk grondstoffen uit het Vechtdal. Dat levert mooie Vechtdalproducten op, waarmee regelmatig prijzen, ook internationale, worden verdiend. 255254 70. Rijpende druiven 71. Enkele wijnen van de Reestdalhoeve 74. Enkele wijnen van Wijngaard De Ziel te Ommen 72. De wijngaard van de Reestdlhoeve 73. Reestlander rosé 75. Rode wijn van De Ziel 76. De bloemenpluktuin van Wijngaard de Ziel 69. Wijngoed nabij de Reest, te Balkburg Gerechten Verschillende restaurants plaatsen regelmatig Vechtdal gerechten op het menu. Zo namen in 2007 twintig kwaliteitsrestaurants deel aan de ‘Week van de Smaak’. Elk van de restaurants had een heerlijk en speciaal samengesteld ‘Proef de Smaak van ’t Vechtdal Menu’ op de kaart. ‘Biozorg’ werkt aan biologische maaltijden die beschikbaar komen voor consumenten, en die in de toekomst worden thuisbezorgd. 261DEEL C De ontwikkeling van de Vechtdal Food Community 12 De Vechtdal Food Community in beelden260 86. Blini 87. Gerecht Community Dinner, Vakbeurs 88. Gerecht kookwedstrijd studenten 89. Flyer Vechtdalmenu tijdens Week van de Smaak 2007 281 DEEL D Resultaten, conclusies en aanbevelingen In dit deel sluiten we het boek af. We hebben in Deel A vanuit een algemene analyse van ontwikkelingen in de landbouw een model van regionale landbouw neergezet, dat – met regionale inbedding als kern – berust op vier speerpunten. Deze speerpunten, actoren, productdifferentiatie, marketing en governance, zijn in Deel B theoretisch uitgediept. Langs dezelfde speerpunten hebben we de casus van het Overijsselse Vechtdal uitvoerig besproken, en in beelden toegelicht, in Deel C. In dit deel presenteren we resultaten, conclusies en aanbevelingen. De resultaten kunnen van nut zijn voor de verdere ontwikkeling van het model van regionale landbouw en de samenwerkingsverbanden in het Overijsselse Vechtdal, en daarnaast ook voor de regionale samenwerkingsverbanden in den lande die de ambitie hebben om zich regionaal verder te ontwikkelen. We concluderen dat elke regio zijn eigen karakteristieken heeft en dit boek moet dan ook niet worden gezien als een blauwdruk voor de ontwikkeling van regionale voedselgemeenschappen. Het is echter ook weer niet zo dat men in elke regio blanco hoeft te beginnen. Er is zeker lering te trekken uit de theoretische exercities rond regionale landbouw en de praktische ervaringen die zijn opgedaan in het Overijsselse Vechtdal. De aanbevelingen zijn als zodanig bedoeld. 281 Opening Vechtdal Familiestal Op 21 juni 2008 werd de Vechtdal Familiestal van de familie De Lange geopend door Annemie Burger, directeur-generaal van het Ministerie van LNV, Piet Jansen, gedeputeerde van de provincie Overijssel en wethouder Jansen van de gemeente Hardenberg. De stal is innovatief op het gebied van milieu, landschapsbehoud en dierenwelzijn. Het bedrijf is helemaal klaar voor de toekomst op álle gebieden. De varkens hebben ruimte en plezier in het fraaie onderkomen. 280 DEEL C De ontwikkeling van de Vechtdal food community DEEL D Resultaten, conclusies en aanbevelingen 150. De familiestal 151. Familie De Lange, Annemie Burger, Piet Jansen, Jannes Janssen en familie Van Veen. 152. Feestelijke opening 233232 DEEL C De ontwikkeling van de Vechtdal Food Community 12 De Vechtdal Food Community in beelden 18. Graanvelden in het Vechtdal 12. De Vilsterse molen te Vilsteren 15. Broodketenpartijen proeven product 17. Vechtdallandschap met roggeveld16. Molensteentje en molenwiekjes, gebakken van Vechtdalbaktarwe 13. ForFarmers actief bij de graanoogst 14. Gemaaid en gedorst Region Picture Population density High Low One central city and its surroundings Metropolitan region Cityside region Two or more corridor-connected cities and their surroundings Corridor region Connected cities region Three or more tied cities and their surroundings, enclosing a central rural area. Conurbation region Countryside region Interaction Food system Producer-consumer 1. Short chains Population density High Low Producer-consumer -government 2. Local food systems Urban food Systems Rural food systems 3. Regional food systems Metropolitan region food systems Cityside region food systems Corridor region food systems Connected cities region food systems Conurbation region food systems Countryside region food systems 4. Interregional or national food systems 5. Trans(cross-)regional or global food systems Sustainable food security features Challenges Knowledge issues of sustainable food security Social From far away to nearby Awareness of food, with recovery of producer – consumer links and partnerships based thereon Economic From global to local From long, global chains to short, local network cooperation Ecological From mono to multi Chemical free (fertilizers and pesticides) agriculture and food, with recovery of biodiversity Sovereignty Right and access to food Right and access to food for all with measures of local and regional accountability Safety Building resistance Building resistance, nutritional value and health Features Challenges Issues of technology and organization Technology From mega to micro Switch-over to new decentralized small-scale production systems (including processing and packaging) (micro-collectives) Organization From hierarchy to network/community From long chains to short chain and local network and/or community cooperation Features Challenges Issues of policy and aid Policy From government to governance Building regional food strategies with all relevant stakeholders Aid From a one-dimensional flow to dialogue Building a more equitable world
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