Food & Water Watch: TPP and Imported Fish - 2013

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  • www.foodandwaterwatch.org Trans-Pacific Partnership: Increasing the Gusher of Risky, Imported Fish Tony Corbo Senior Lobbyist Food & Water Watch Washington, DC November 7, 2013 Shrimp aquaculture, Vietnam, FAO
  • Total Fish & Seafood Imports (imports in billions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2 NAFTA, Israel FTA WTO China PNTR, Vietnam FTA China enters WTO, Jordan FTA Peru FTA Oman FTA Bahrain FTA, Morocco FTA El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua ratify CAFTA Costa Rica joins CAFTA Dominican Republic enacts CAFTA Colombia FTA; Panama FTA, South Korea FTA Singapore FTA Australia FTA imports rose 76 percent 1995-2010 (post-NAFTA/WTO), compared to 46% increase 1980-1995 (data not shown)
  • Total TPP Fish & Seafood Imports (millions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org 977 1,015 1,125 1,246 1,227 1,289 1,406 1,524 1,560 1,525 1,539 1,522 1,539 1,550 1,472 1,441 1,581 1,699 Source: USDA Foreign Agriculture Service TPP fish and seafood imports constitute one-third of all U.S. imports
  • TPP Import Share of U.S. Consumption (2011 data, catfish 2010) www.foodandwaterwatch.org 18.6% 40.1% 49.8% 50.5% 74.5% Two out of Five Salmon Every other Crab and Catfish Three out of Four Lobsters Source: USDA FAS, Commerce Dept., NMFS One in Five Shrimp
  • TPP Shrimp Imports (millions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org 57.6 68.7 76.5 105.3 102.5 106.5 125.4 118.3 124.4 161.4 178.6 204.5 199.5 227.3 236.2 257.2 277.5 249.8 233.9 257.0 223.8 Source: USDA Foreign Agriculture Service
  • TPP Catfish Imports (millions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org Source: USDA Foreign Agriculture Service 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.7 2.2 7.1 17.1 9.6 4.3 6.6 19.5 44.7 40.6 55.5 87.3 109.5 188.8 227.7
  • TPP Catfish Imports and Real Catfish Price (price in 2012 dollars per pound, imports in millions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org Source: USDA Foreign Agriculture Service, National Agricultural Statistical Service 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.7 2.2 7.1 17.1 9.6 4.3 6.6 19.5 44.7 40.6 55.5 87.3 109.5 188.8 227.7
  • TPP Lobster Imports (all types) (millions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org 49.1 48.7 54.3 54.9 67.2 79.7 81.0 86.4 83.4 79.7 79.4 81.9 75.1 80.7 79.3 90.7 95.8 104.1 Source: USDA Foreign Agriculture Service
  • TPP Crab Imports (millions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org 26.3 36.0 50.1 63.1 88.8 90.8 122.5 123.9 131.4 139.7 121.5 123.4 130.5 119.0 130.2 107.3 102.9 103.7 Source: USDA Foreign Agriculture Service TPP crab imports represent about half of all crab imports to the United States.
  • TPP Salmon Imports (millions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org 139 167 214 237 224 275 352 417 399 396 433 427 421 407 313 262 308 428 Source: USDA Foreign Agriculture Service
  • Average Annual Growth in Imported Seafood 1995-2012 www.foodandwaterwatch.org 3.7% 4.3% 9.0% 4.8% 5.0% 9.8% Source: USDA Foreign Agriculture Service
  • FDA Seafood Border Inspectors (Full-time equivalent) www.foodandwaterwatch.org Source: F&WW/FDA Workplans 70 70 103 104 101 100 80 83 92 90 * * 2011 figure represents budgetary request.
  • Annual Fish Examined Per Inspector (millions of pounds) www.foodandwaterwatch.org 47.4 47.4 52.0 54.1 62.7 59.5 56.5 57.9 Source: USDA FAS; F&WW/FDA Workplans * * 2011 figure represents budgetary request.
  • www.foodandwaterwatch.org FDA Seafood Inspection & Laboratory Sample Rate (Percentage of shipments) 1.23% 1.25% 1.17% 1.34% 1.20% 0.88% 0.64% 0.68% 0.59% Source: F&WW/FDA * * 2007 figure includes border and laboratory inspections
  • FDA Fish Refusals for Illegal Antibiotics, Drugs & Chemicals from TPP Countries www.foodandwaterwatch.org 6 14 32 37 19 52 54 88 20 49 58 Source: F&WW analysis of FDA data
  • Chemicals Tested for by FDA www.foodandwaterwatch.org Chemical Year FDA Started Testing Human Health Hazards Common Aquaculture Fish Chloramphenicol (AB) 2002 Aplastic anemia, potential carcinogen, antibiotic resistance Shrimp, crab, crayfish Nitrofurans (AB) 2004 Potential carcinogen, antibiotic resistance Shrimp Quinolones (AB) 2003/2004 Antibiotic resistance Catfish, salmon, shrimp, tilapia Malachite Green (AF) 2005 Potential carcinogen Catfish, eel, salmon Gentian Violet (AF) 2006 Potential carcinogen Catfish, eel, salmon
  • All Vietnamese Catfish, Majority of Shrimp Farms Use Banned Chemicals www.foodandwaterwatch.org Source: Rico et al. 2013 100% 68% 79% 63% Percent of Fish Farms Using Antibiotics, Disinfectants, Parasiticides Banned substances at Vietnamese catfish farms included: Enrofloxacin Penicillins Doxycycline Rifamycins Cephalosporins Anonoglycosides Quinolones Amphenicols Polymyxin Diaminopyrimidines PLUS carcinogens Malachite green and Crystal violet
  • Other Food Safety Issues “Harmonization” and “equivalence”  privatized meat inspection in U.S. and abroad USDA certified equivalent privatized inspection beef plants exported tainted meat (Washington Post, 9/20/13) USDA rejected 11 shipments of Australian beef for visible fecal matter in past 2 years; Canadian plant exported 2.2 million pounds of e-coli tainted ground beef in 2012 In U.S., 3 of 5 hog processing plants in pilot privatized inspection among “10 worst offenders” for health and safety violations (Washington Post, 9-8-13)
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