Loans & deposits as per new companies act 2013
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acceptances of loans & deposits Loans & Deposits As per Companies Act 2013 Acceptance and giving loans Loans are the major source of funding for most of the Companies apart from their Share Capital. Companies borrow from various sources like banks and various other financial institutions. Where public limited companies borrow from mass public by accepting public deposits private companies are strictly prohibited from accepting any loan or deposits from the public. 2 However the Companies Act 2013 has brought a major change in the borrowing provisions for private companies and removed shareholders and relatives of directors from the list of lenders. 3 Let us analyze the various provisions pertaining to loans given and accepted by the Companies as per Companies Act 2013 Going forward the private companies can borrow only from directors apart from banks and financial institutions provided the director gives a declaration that the amount that he is giving is not out of borrowed funds. 4 The Companies Acceptance of Deposit rules are not applicable to: Deposit : Deposit includes any receipt of money by way of deposit or loan or in any other form, by a Company. Following amount received shall not be considered Deposits under this Chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 7)Â Â Â Â Â Any amount received against subscription to any securities including share application money provided the securities are allotted within 60 days from the date of receipt of the application money or advance. If the securities are not allotted within 60 days then the same should be refunded within 15 days else the same shall be treated as deposit after completion of 15 days. 8)Â Â Â Â Â Any amount received from a person who at the time of receipt was a director provided the director furnishes a declaration that the amount given is not out of borrowed funds. 9)Â Â Â Â Â Any amount raised by issue of bonds or debentures secured by first charge on any assets referred to in Schedule III of the Act excluding intangible assets. 10)Â Any amount received from an employee of the company not exceeding his annual salary in the nature of non interest bearing security. 11)Â Any amount received as a Non- interest bearing amount received or held in trust. 12)Â Any amount received in the course of or the purpose of the business for the following :- 12 a b c d 13 14 a. As advance for the supply of goods or provision of services provided such advance is appropriated against supply of goods or provision of service within 365 days from the receipt of such amount, b. As advance received in connection with consideration for property under an agreement or arrangement, c. As security deposit for the performance of the contract for supply of goods or provision of services. d. As advance received under long term projects for supply of capital goods. If any amount received under clause (a),(b) and (d) becomes refundable due to the reasons that the company accepting money does not have necessary permission or approval to deal with the goods or services then the amount received shall be deemed to be a deposit after the expiry of 15 days from the date they become due for refund. 13)Â Any amount brought in by the promoters themselves or their relatives by way of unsecured loan in pursuance of a stipulation of any lending institution on the promoters. Such exemption shall be available only till the loans of the Financial Institutions are not repaid and not thereafter. 14)Â Any amount accepted by a Nidhi Company in accordance with rules made u/s 406 of the Act. 13 Non Eligible Company Eligible Company S. 76 Resolution ordinary resolution special resolution Limit should not exceed 25% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves. should not exceed 10% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves and for others it should not exceed 25% of the aggregate of paid up share capital and free reserves. Interest / Brokerage Rate prescribed as per RBI Tenure of deposit less than 6 months or more than 36 months. Circular post in Form DPT-1 one English newspaper and one vernacular language 1.Form No. DPT-1 2.one English newspaper and one vernacular language 3.upload the circular on its website. Non Eligible Company Eligible Company S. 76 Statement 1.Financial position 2.Credit rating 3.Number of depositors 4.Amount due Registration of Circular signed by majority of directors or their agents duly authorized along with the statement shall be submitted to registrar 30 days before the date of such issue. Validity of circular 6 months from the end of the financial year in which it was issued or the date on which the AGM is held whichever is earlier. Insurance Deposit insurance shall be taken 30 days prior to the date of issuance of the circular or renewal .Ceiling is Rs. 20000 per depositor for principal and interest Security charge on its assets referred to in Schedule III excluding intangible assets which shall not be less than the amount remaining unsecured by deposit insurance Non Eligible Company Eligible Company S. 76 Form Form prescribed by the company shall be submitted by the intending depositor. Declaration The form shall contain a declaration that the deposit is not made out of borrowed funds. Deposit receipt A receipt shall be furnished within 2 weeks from the date of receipt of money or realization of cheque Deposit repayment reserve account On or before 30th April of each yearÂ a sum not less than 15% of the amount of deposits maturing in the current financial year and the next financial years shall be deposited in a scheduled bank in a separate account called deposit repayment reserve account which shall be free from charge or lien. Non Eligible Company Eligible Company S. 76 Register A register of deposits shall be maintained at the registered office and entries shall be made within 7 days from the date of issuance of deposit receipt. ReturnÂ of deposits A return shall be filed on or before 30th June of every year with the Registrar in Form No.DPT â 3 along with fee giving the status as on 31st March. Penal Rate of Interest A penal Rate of 18% p.a. shall be payable on all overdue deposits Â Transitory Provision 25 (i) any other director of the lending company, or of the holding company of the lending company; (ii) any partner or relative of such director; â definition of relative is spouse, lateral ascendants upto two levels i.e. father & grandfather, mother & grandmother and father includes step father, lateral descendants on the sonâs side upto two levels i.e son and sonâs children, daughter (including step daughter), her husband and siblings. (iii) any private company of which director is a director or member (iv) any body corporate at a general meeting of which such director exercises control of at least 25% of its voting power either singly or with other director(s) â which means basically the shareholding of such body corporate because presently in India voting power derives from shareholdingsÂ 28 185. (2) PENALTIES If any loan is advanced or a guarantee or security is given or provided inÂ contravention of the provisions of sub-section (1), the company shall be punishable withÂ fine which shall not be less than five lakh rupees but which may extend to twenty-five lakh rupees, and the director or the other person to whom any loan is advanced or guarantee orÂ security is given or provided in connection with any loan taken by him or the other person,Â shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to six months or with fine whichÂ shall not be less than five lakh rupees but which may extend to twenty-five lakh rupees, orÂ with both. 186 5 >>>Provided that prior approval of a public financial institution shall not be required where the aggregate of the loans and investments so far made, the amount for which guarantee or security so far provided to or in all other bodies corporate, along with the investments, loans, guarantee or security proposed to be made or given does not exceed the limit as specified in sub-section (2), and there is no default in repayment of loan instalments or payment of interest thereon as per the terms and conditions of such loan to the public financial institution. 35 RAGHAV 9962869008 [email protected]