All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
DEMONETISATION OF INDIAN CURRENCY -2016 DEMONETISATION OF INDIAN CURRENCY -2016 GUIDED BY PRESENTED BY A RAMKUMAR.M(AP/CSE) MATHI PRIYA J Over View: The Government of India had announced the demonetisation of all ₹500 and ₹1000 banknotes on November 8th 2016. The government claimed that the action would curtail the shadow economy and crack down on the use of illicit and counterfeit cash to fund illegal activity and terrorism. The Government had also announced the issuance of new ₹500 and ₹2000 banknotes of the New Series in exchange for the old banknotes. Though this brave move by Prime Minister Narendra Modi had been praised, the move was heavily criticized as poorly planned and unfair, and was met with protests, litigation, and strikes. Black Money: At one stroke the Prime Minister had choked the supply of black money stacked inside the country. Black money is considered as a cancer in any economy. It is the parallel economy, which weakens the foundation of any country. It is estimated that in India, the total amount of black money is ₹3 lakh crore. It is huge if we see that the total money in circulation is only ₹17 lakh crore. With Modi’s demonetisation move, all domestic black money will either be deposited into the banks with heavy penalty or be simply destroyed. Fake Notes: Demonetisation had dealt a death blow to the counterfeit Indian currency syndicate operating both inside and outside the country. Counterfeit currency seriously devalues the real worth of Indian currency. According to the Indian Statistical Institute, the circulation of the total amount of fake currency is over ₹400 crore It is also estimated that over ₹70 crore fake currencies are being injected into our country every year. With Prime Minister Modi’s decision to pull out the old ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes and replace them with new ₹500 and ₹2,000 series has completely stalled the circulation of counterfeit Indian currency. Bank Deposits: It is well known fact that near about 86% currency circulation in India was composed of 500 and 1000 rupee currency notes. Now, the demonetisation of these notes made people deposit their money which was in the form of 500 and 1000 rupee currency notes into the bank. RBI had declared that they had received ₹5.12 trillion worth of deposits until November 18th This deposits of money can boost the Indian GDP(Gross Domestic Product) by 0.5 to 1.5 % India’s largest public sector State Bank of India (SBI) had said that it had received ₹1.27 trillion worth of cash deposits. Hawala Transactions: Hawala is a method of transferring money without any actual money movement. Hawala route is used as a means to facilitate money laundering and terror financing. Hawala rackets run again on black money. With black money suddenly being wiped out of the market, thanks to demonetisation, hawala operations have come to a grinding halt. According to an India Today report, one of the hawala operators in Mumbai has destroyed currency notes worth about ₹500 crores. Real estate Cleansing: It is said that real estate is an industry built on black money. The extent of black money floating around in the sector is huge. According to an estimate at least 40 per cent of real estate transactions in Delhi-NCR are in black. Modi’s demonetisation move will curtail the flow of black money into the real estate sector. The impact: “An unexpected dip in land and property prices”. Kashmir Unrest: The four-month-long unrest in Kashmir valley is on a backburner, thanks to demonetisation. No stone pelting on security forces has been reported in Kashmir ever since the demonetisation announcement was made. An intelligence estimate suggests that Pakistan sends ₹1,000 crore annually to the separatists for fuelling unrest in Kashmir. The money is transferred through hawala route. With hawala transactions completely choked up, the separatists are now clueless. It won’t be wrong to say that “stone palter” Modi completely shattered the Kashmir unrest with his stone called demonetisation. Naxalites and North-east Insurgency: They are the group, whose oxygen is Black Money. They are the worst victim of demonetisation. Therefore, they termed this move as “Financial Emergency”. It is estimated that their yearly turnover is more than ₹500 crore through terror funding, NGO, forgery and local taxes. With the demonetization move, all these stashes of money is no more than a worthless paper. It should be also mentioned that after demonetization, crimes dipped in many places like Delhi, Pune, and Mumbai according to the recent data. Negative Impacts: Inconvenience to common people who will start running to the nearby bank to exchange the 500 and 1000 currency notes Very difficult for more than half the population who are not well versed with the card transactions. This move deeply impacts the working sections of society: drivers, maids, cooks, electricians, plumbers. The small businesses will be affected at least in the shorter run. The big fish will be left out whose black money is in the form of foreign currency, gold and stashed away in tax havens. THANK YOU